Do Landfills Always Depress Nearby Property Values?

by Richard C. Ready,
published in the Journal of Real Estate Research

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The following article has been included in the TARF website with permission from The American Real Estate Society. The article, Do Landfills Always Depress Nearby Property Values? by Richard C. Ready, was published in the Journal of Real Estate Research in Volume 32, No. 3, 2010. Author contact information is found at the end of the article.

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Abstract

All available hedonic pricing estimates of the impact of landfills on nearby property values are assembled, including original estimates for three landfills in Pennsylvania. A meta-analysis shows landfills that accept high volumes of waste (500 tons per day or more) decrease adjacent residential property values by 13.7%, on average. This impact diminishes with distance at a gradient of 5.9% per mile. Lower-volume landfills decrease adjacent property values by 2.7%, on average, with a gradient of 1.3% per mile. While essentially all high-volume landfills negatively impact nearby property values, 20%–26% of low- volume landfills do not impact nearby property values.